Tata Cara Sholat Fardhu

Hello Kawan Mastah, in this article, we will discuss the importance of sholat fardhu in Islam and how to perform it properly. Sholat fardhu is the most important form of worship in Islam and it is mandatory for every Muslim to perform it five times a day. Let’s dive into the tata cara sholat fardhu and learn its significance and method.

What is Sholat Fardhu?

Sholat fardhu is the obligatory prayer that every Muslim must perform five times a day. It is a fundamental way of worshipping Allah and seeking His blessings. Sholat fardhu is one of the five pillars of Islam and it holds immense significance in the Islamic faith. Allah has commanded Muslims to perform sholat fardhu in the Quran and the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) has shown us the proper way to perform it through his actions and teachings.

Why is Sholat Fardhu Important?

Sholat fardhu is important for several reasons:

It strengthens our faith
Performing sholat fardhu regularly reminds us of our faith and strengthens our connection with Allah.
It reminds us of our purpose in life
Sholat fardhu reminds us of our purpose in life which is to worship Allah and seek His pleasure.
It purifies our souls
Sholat fardhu purifies our souls and cleanses us of our sins.
It creates brotherhood and unity
Performing sholat fardhu in congregation creates a sense of brotherhood and unity among Muslims.

The Method of Sholat Fardhu

The method of sholat fardhu can be broken down into several steps:

1. Purification (Wudu or Tayammum)

Before performing sholat fardhu, it is mandatory to perform wudu or tayammum, depending on the circumstances. Wudu involves washing certain parts of the body while tayammum involves using clean earth or sand to perform the purification.

2. Facing the Qiblah

After purification, face towards the qiblah, which is the direction of the Ka’bah in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. This direction is used to unify Muslims in prayer and remind them of their unity and connection with each other.

3. Takbiratul Ihram

Start the prayer by raising your hands to your ears and saying “Allahu Akbar”, which means “Allah is the greatest”. This is called takbiratul ihram and it signals the start of the prayer.

4. Recitation of Al-Fatihah

Recite Al-Fatihah, the opening chapter of the Quran, after the takbiratul ihram. The recitation of Al-Fatihah is mandatory in every rak’ah of sholat fardhu.

5. Ruku’

Bend your body from the waist and place your hands on your knees. This position is called ruku’ and it signifies humility and submission to Allah.

6. I’tidal

Stand up straight from ruku’ and say “Sami’Allahu liman hamidah”, which means “Allah hears those who praise Him”. This position is called i’tidal.

7. Sujud

Prostrate on the ground with your forehead, nose, palms, knees, and toes touching the ground. This position is called sujud and it signifies the ultimate submission to Allah.

8. Jalsa

Sit up from sujud and sit on your left foot while keeping your right foot upright. This position is called jalsa and it is done between the two sujuds.

9. Second Sujud

Prostrate again for the second time and repeat the same steps as the first sujud.

10. Tashahhud

Sit up from the second sujud and recite the tashahhud, which is a declaration of faith and submission to Allah.

11. Salam

End the prayer by turning your face to the right and saying “Assalamu ‘alaikum wa rahmatullah”, which means “Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah”. Then turn your face to the left and repeat the same words.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q: How long does sholat fardhu take?

A: The length of sholat fardhu depends on the number of rak’ahs performed. Each rak’ah takes around 3-5 minutes, so performing all five prayers can take around 15-25 minutes.

Q: Can sholat fardhu be performed anywhere?

A: Yes, sholat fardhu can be performed anywhere as long as the place is clean and free from impurities.

Q: What if I miss a sholat fardhu?

A: If you miss a sholat fardhu, you should perform it as soon as possible. However, if you miss multiple sholat fardhus, you should perform them in order of their occurrence.

Q: Can women perform sholat fardhu during menstruation?

A: Women are not allowed to perform sholat fardhu during menstruation. However, they can perform other forms of worship such as dhikr and dua.

Q: Can I perform sholat fardhu in a language other than Arabic?

A: The recitation of Al-Fatihah and certain verses of the Quran must be done in Arabic. However, other parts of the prayer can be done in any language.

Q: What if I don’t know how to perform sholat fardhu?

A: You can learn how to perform sholat fardhu by consulting with a knowledgeable scholar or by watching instructional videos online. It is important to learn the correct method of sholat fardhu to avoid invalidating the prayer.


In conclusion, sholat fardhu is a mandatory form of worship in Islam and it holds immense significance for Muslims. By performing sholat fardhu, we strengthen our faith, purify our souls, and seek the pleasure of Allah. It is important to learn the proper method of sholat fardhu and perform it regularly to reap its benefits. May Allah guide us all on the straight path and help us in our worship. Ameen.

Tata Cara Sholat Fardhu